//Kevin Anderson /August 28 / 2012
Using ad networks as a base for your digital revenue
Over the past few months, we’ve talked about developing digital products and the revenue to support those products. For most news organisations, advertising remains the primary way to generate the revenue to support their journalism, and when launching a new digital product, ad networksAd networksAd networks provide an outsourced sales capability for publishers and a means…//read more play an important role in providing much needed early revenue until the site reaches the level of traffic necessary to develop premium advertising sales.
When a site is just getting off the ground, publishers often turn to ad networks because it allows them to generate revenue without investing in a sales force. As you grow and after you make the necessary investment in an ad sales force, ad networks still can help you reachReach1) unique users that visited the site over the course of the reporting period,…//read more advertisers that your sales force might not reach and sell areas of your site you cannot sell. Ad networks will help you set a baseline, a floor, for ad rates in your market. This will help you know how to price the advertising you sell directly. Armed with this information, you can calculate your market’s potential for digital advertising at an early stage, letting you know how much revenue you can expect in the early days of your site and helping you to generate revenue to pay for the resources you’ll need to create content and build your audience. As your site develops, revenue from ad networks might decline as a percentage of your overall advertising revenue, but it is likely to remain an important foundation to build on.
Choosing the right network
Competition is fierce amongst ad networks with a myriad of regional and global players. One online directory lists 380 networks. Out of the hundreds of ad networks available, many publishers start with those from search engines such as Google and Yandex, the dominant search engineSearch engineA website that provides a searchable index of online content, whereby users…//read more for the Russian language. The search engines have built their ad networks using the powerful text processing services they use for their search services to deliver contextually relevant advertising based on your content.
Google AdSense and Yandex Direct are also easy to set up, and we’ve created guides on how to get started with AdSense if you aren’t already using it as well as a guide on how to measure and maximise revenue when using AdSense. We will be writing a similar guide for Yandex Direct in the near future. However, as we said, there are hundreds of ad networks. To help decide which ad network or networks is the best for you, you’ll want to consider:
- How easy is the network going to be to implement and manage?
- How large an advertising base will the ad network deliver? Major ad networks such as AdSense run ads for hundreds of thousands of advertisers, and that helps drive up ad rates and your returns.
- Which network delivers the most relevant advertising for my audience? You will have to balance the potential volume the ad network can deliver versus the targeting it can deliver. The higher the volume of advertisers the more likely that there will be an ad for your pagePageA document having a specific URL and comprised of a set of associated files. A…//read more , and the bidding for the ad spot will drive generally higher prices than if there is no market for the spot. But you have to balance that with the clickClickA click can denote several different things. It can be a metric that…//read more through. No click, no cash. Many ad networks are targeted in some way, either by advertiser target, geographic target, or platform target, such as mobile versus desktop. For instance, if your site is very specific to health-related issues, then the ads from a vertical ad network targeting healthcare ads might generate more revenue since they are more specific and likely to get a higher click through.
- How much are you likely to earn from ads placed on the ad network based on your current traffic or traffic projections on a new product?
- How consistent is the ad network with your editorial identity?
Building traffic and building revenue
For Mediazavod.ru, the website of MDLF client Chelyabinski Rabochiy, Yandex seemed to be the easiest way for the site to get started with digital advertising back in May 2010, said editor Dmitry Konoplev, adding that another appeal of Yandex Direct is that it delivers 45% of the revenue per click to the publisher.
Revenue from Yandex Direct has risen in line with traffic. As Mediazavod’s experience shows, one positive thing about ad networks is that even as traffic rises, it does not dilute the return, and Yandex Direct now provides 16% of advertising for the site. Building traffic is key to building revenue, both in terms of driving higher revenue from ad networks but also in making your site attractive to premium advertisers.
Apart from working to grow the traffic to your site, Knopolev says that it is important to develop content that will perform well, using the contextual advertisingContextual AdvertisingA form of targeted advertising on a website that is relevant to the page’s…//read more service provided by Yandex Direct.
“Articles about real estate, technology, music and cinema are much more attractive for ads than publication about (news) and social ills,” he said. Of course, content that works well for ad networks must be balanced with news content because news attracts the greatest numbers of readers and therefore the most traffic, he added.
One criticism of ad networks is that they don’t deliver relevant ads or in the worst case place ads that could be seen as being in bad taste. Knopolev gave the example of funeral services advertising being placed alongside a story about the death of an ex-governor, or worse yet if weapons ads were placed next to a story about a shooting.
Sometimes it stirs up our readers and they write angry posts on Twitter, he said. It is not always possible to change the context settings, however, both Yandex Direct and Google AdSense have words you can eliminate from being used in delivering advertising – words such as death, funeral, gun, disease, drugs and sex.
Moving beyond ad networks
Once you’ve built traffic to the point where your site can attract advertising agencies and your sales staff can sell premium advertising on your site, ad networks won’t be as high of a priority. As the revenue mix at Mediazavod also shows, classified advertising can be an important source of digital advertising revenue.
At independent news website Malaysiakini, another MDLF client, ad network revenue only represents 10% of overall advertising revenue, according to senior advertising manager Chia Ting Ting.
The site is focused on growing its already substantial premium advertising revenue, and ad networks cannot match the return they are getting from this type of advertising.
Chia also says that it is important to view your advertising as part of your content. Readers judge your site based on the quality of the content you produce and also the quality of your ads.
Seeing ads that are clearly from Google AdSense detract from the premium image she is trying to create for the site to attract high value advertisers, she said, and in their use of AdSense, they take care to use the ad format that less clearly marks the ad as coming from AdSense.
With the site now well established, they also make sure that any ad network ads are given less prominent placement on the site, which frees up the most valuable ad slots for their premium advertisers.
However, even for a well established site, ad networks can still play an important role for an independent news site like Malaysiakini. In Malaysia, many of the biggest brands and advertisers are GLCs – “government linked companies”. GLCs and other major corporate brands might hesitate to advertise with an independent news site like Malaysiakini which can be critical of the authorities, but the site was able to have advertising from major brands like the state-owned oil company Petronas via an ad network.
Although Malaysiakini has graduated from relying on using ad networks to attract premium advertisers, she says they can still play a role, especially for sites just starting out. Now, Malaysiakini earns ten times more with its own sold ads above the rate paid for ad networks, and it has been able to double its advertising revenue in the past year.
Next month, we’ll look at how to move up the value chain and use more advanced advertising techniques to increase advertising performance.
Article by Kevin Anderson